15: Infant and Child Deaths

Please note this chapter is currently being updated. For information on when this is due, please contact the PCO UK Team.

15.1.1 There are a range of review and audits that can take place to enable professionals and organisations to reflect on individual cases. The statutory guidance entitles this a learning and improvement framework 559, and this is a document that should be maintained by the LSCB.
15.1.2 Some reviews, SCRs and child death reviews, are required by legislation. However, the statutory guidance encourages LSCBs to consider conducting reviews in other cases too.
15.1.3 The different types of review include:
    Serious Case Review: for every case where abuse or neglect is known or suspected and either; a child dies or a child is seriously harmed and there are concerns about how organisations or professionals worked together to safeguard the child;
    Child death review: a review of all child deaths up to the age of 18;
    Review of a child protection incident which falls below the threshold for an SCR; and
    Review or audit of practice in one or more agencies.
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