4: Children’s Rights

Please note that this chapter was updated in December 2017 and has replaced the previous 2013 version. Copies of the 2013 version of this chapter are available on request from the PCO UK Team.

4.1.1. The UK ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child1 (UNCRC) in 1991. In 2011 Wales became the first country in the world to incorporate UNCRC into domestic legislation (as a result of the Child Rights Measure 20112). In April 2017, Scotland established measures to ensure specific public authorities, including local authorities and health boards, have taken the steps to fulfil the rights outlined in the UNCRC (under Part 1 of the Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 20143).
4.1.2. Throughout the UK, governments and services have a duty to take the UNCRC into consideration in all activity that directly or indirectly affects the welfare of children. Despite this, the UK was criticised severely by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child in 20164, in respect of the rights violations of vulnerable populations of children in the UK. Over 150 recommendations were made for the UK including:
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